Signs and symptoms of Vitamin K2 Deficiency

Vitamin K2 deficiency is rare because vitamin K1 is found in many foods people eat daily. However, some people may be more likely to have a deficiency of this nutrient than others. For example, people who have gastrointestinal problems or liver disease might not be able to absorb enough vitamin K1 from their food.

If you’re concerned about your intake of this vitamin, talk with your doctor or dietitian about the best sources of vitamin K2 and whether you need to take a supplement.

Vitamin K2 deficiency may be due to:

  • Lack of dietary intake.

This is most common in people who follow a vegetarian diet, as vitamin K2 is found mainly in animal products like meat and fish. However, some plant foods contain this vitamin, such as cheese and eggs.

Intestinal diseases or disorders prevent proper absorption of the vitamin from the food you eat. These include celiac disease and Crohn’s disease.

  • Side effects from some medications.

Certain medications can interfere with how your body absorbs vitamin K2 from your intestines. These include anticonvulsants (anti-seizure drugs), blood thinners, cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins, and antibiotics such as tetracycline and quinolones (such as ciprofloxacin).

Signs and symptoms of Vitamin K2 Deficiency

The following are signs and symptoms of vitamin K2 deficiency:

  • Osteoporosis.

This disease causes bones to become thin and brittle, increasing the risk of fractures or breaks.

Vitamin K1 is the form of this vitamin that most people get from their diets, but it’s not as effective at helping bone health as vitamin K2. That’s because it needs to be converted into K2 before your body can use it. As a result, people who don’t eat enough foods containing K2 may have too little of this vital nutrient in their bodies.

  • Dementia and Alzheimer’s.

Some studies suggest that taking vitamin K supplements might help prevent cognitive decline in older adults with low levels of this vitamin in their bodies. More research is needed to confirm these findings and determine how much vitamin K is necessary to prevent dementia or Alzheimer’s disease.

Stomach cancer and other cancers related to insulin resistance. Vitamin K appears to be essential in regulating insulin secretion by helping cells take up glucose from the bloodstream, which can help prevent blood sugar spikes that lead to insulin resistance.

  • Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)

Vitamin K2 deficiency can lead to atherosclerosis, a condition in which plaque builds up in the arteries, increasing the risk of heart attack and stroke.

Vitamin K2 is essential for keeping calcium in its proper place in the body. When you don’t have enough vitamin K2, calcium can accumulate in your arteries, making them stiffer. This makes it harder for your heart to pump blood around your body, which can cause chest pain or a heart attack.

  • Increased risk of heart attack

A study published in the Journal of Internal Medicine found that people with high levels of vitamin K2 had a lower risk of heart attack than those with low levels. Researchers believe this could be due to vitamin K2’s ability to prevent calcification of the arteries, a major cause of heart attacks and strokes.

  • Increased risk of stroke

The same study also found that people with high levels of vitamin K2 were less likely to suffer strokes than those with low levels. Vitamin K2 may prevent strokes by reducing calcification in the arteries and keeping them flexible, so they don’t narrow or harden as quickly.

  • Increased risk of blood clotting

Vitamin K2 helps regulate bone turnover, which replaces old bone cells with new ones, making it essential for healthy bone growth and maintenance throughout life. Vitamin K2 deficiency can lead to an increased risk of blood clotting. This can cause nosebleeds and bruises.

In summary, deficiencies in vitamin K2 can lead to a laundry list of severe health problems. Educate yourself on the signs and symptoms, and ensure you’re getting enough vitamin K2 in your diet. You’ll likely notice some improvements as your symptoms begin to disappear.


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